Tiny Tuvalu Fights for Its Literal Survival
By Stephen Leahy
VIENNA, Jul 27 (IPS/IFEJ) – The second smallest nation on Earth hopes to turn itself into an example of sustainable development that others can emulate.
But the South Pacific island nation of Tuvalu and its 10,500 people may only have 50 years or less to set that example before it is swept away by rising sea levels due to climate change.
“Construction of the first ever biogas digestor on a coral island is complete,” said Gilliane Le Gallic, president of Alofa Tuvalu, a Paris-based group that is working with the local Tuvaluan government.
Located on a small islet near Tuvalu’s capital of Funafuti, the biogas digester uses manure from about 60 pigs to produce gas for cooking stoves. More importantly, more than 40 Tuvaluans have been trained at the newly opened Tuvalu National Training Centre on renewable energy.
“We are trying to create simple, workable models of sustainable development that can be reproduced by others elsewhere,” Le Gallic, a documentary filmmaker, told IPS from Paris.
After working on the film “Trouble in Paradise”, which documented Tuvalu’s plight as the first nation destined to be wiped out by climate change, Le Gallic felt she had to get involved in finding solutions. In 2004, she and some partners developed “Small Is Beautiful”, a decade-long plan to assist Tuvaluans in surviving as a nation, and if possible, to allow them to remain on their ancestral land.
Both the local government and people are strong supporters of the plan and want to “become a model of an environmentally respectful nation”, she said. “I think Tuvalu can be a powerful symbol and example to the world.”
A former British colony, Tuvalu is comprised of nine coral islands topped by dense tropical vegetation covering about 26 sq kilometres in area.
It is one of the world’s lowest lying nations, with less than four metres above sea level at its highest point. Last spring, the “king tides” were the highest in memory, swamping many of the islands and hastening erosion and the salt water intrusion that is making soil infertile.
Sea levels have been rising here at twice the average global rate predicted by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. And this rise may be accelerating as global temperatures climb. In just the past dozen years, Tuvalu has reported sea level rises of 10 centimetres, according to the South Pacific Sea Level and Climate Monitoring Project.
With most Tuvaluans living just one or two metres above sea level, experts say much of the island chain may be underwater in 50 years, and possibly sooner if a major storm strikes. More than 4,000 people have already left the islands to live in New Zealand.
For full story see Tiny Tuvalu Fights for Its Literal Survival
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